The Kimberly Process

The Kimberly Process



Conflict Diamonds And the Kimberley Process


The Kimberley Process (KP) is a joint government, international diamond industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds - rough diamonds that are used by rebel movements to finance wars against legitimate governments. There are 45 Participants in the Kimberly Process, including the European Community and Israel. KP Participants account for approximately 99.8% of the global production of rough diamonds.


The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is an innovative, voluntary system that imposes extensive requirements on Participants to certify that shipments of rough diamonds are free from conflict. The KPCS imposes stringent requirements on all Participants to guard against conflict diamonds entering the legitimate trade.


Participants are required to implement internal controls, and all shipments of rough diamonds must be accompanied by a KP certificate. Participants can only trade with other Participants who have met the minimum requirements of the certification scheme. Each Participant is required to implement the KP in their respective territories, and sharing information and insight is an integral part of making the certification scheme work. Periodic reviews are held by KP in Participant countries to evaluate full compliance with the stringent guidelines.


Israel has assumed leadership of the Kimberley Process for the prevention of trade in conflict diamonds, with Boaz Hirsch, head of international activity at Israel’s Ministry of Industry Trade and Labor, serving as Chairman of the Kimberley Process for 2010. According to Hirsch, “accepting the chairmanship is a testament to the importance of the Israeli Diamond Industry to international diamond trade”. Israel was one of the founders of the Kimberley Process and has been a major contributor to its formation.

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